Raising Snails For Local and Export Markets

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Dec 31 , 1969


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CONTENTS

1. Introduction

2. Biology of snail

3. Types of Snails

4. Breeding

5. Growth

6. Snail management

7. Types of intensive/indoor Housing systems

8. House Types

9. Nutrition

10. Tips on how to start your own farm

11. Enemies of snails

12. Farming Edible snails-lessons from Italy

13. Preparation and Processing of snails

14. Income projection

15. Market potentials

16. Addresses

17. Truths/Discoveries/Research finding on snail farming References

Appendix

A: Chart/Graph Appendix

B: Centre for Urban Agric Development Appendix

C: Agric Resource Materials

LIST OF FIGURES

Fig 1 Snail Anatomy

Fig 2 A Snail

Fig 3 Picture of Helix Aspersa

Fig 4 Picture of Helix Pomata

Fig 5 Picture of Achatina Species

Fig 6 Helix aspersa Lying eggs

Fig 7 Snails in Cyst

Fig 8 Open Pasture System

Fig 9 Tyres

Fig 10 Wooden cage

Fig 11 Free range system

PREFACE

This book-Raising snails for local and Export markets, describing different techniques for raising snails and market potentials is being compiled by Oluwatomi Olatoye, of Centre for Urban Agriculture Development (CUAD) from her personal experience as a backyard the world. The information in this book is to encourage wealth creation through snail farming and snail trading.

DEDICATION

To All Snail Farmers and Aspiring Snail Farmers In Nigeria


CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION

Snail Farming is the act of raising snails in a cultured or controlled environment. Snail are soft bodied, shrill-bearing animal of approximately 80,000 species. Some of which are land while some are water dwellers. In this book we shall concern ourselves with edible land snails found in Nigeria and other species found in other parts of the world that can be raised in Nigeria. The act of raising land snails is relatively new in Nigeria compared to countries like Italy, France and some other parts of Europe, where snail farming has been in existence for over 30 years. During, last 30years in Italy, snail farming has moved from a small cottage industry to a large scale recognized agricultural farming enterprises. In these countries, snail farmers supply 100% of snails consumed. Before the advent of Snail farming in Italy and other parts of Europe, snails were collected from wild. This activity led to diminished numbers of snails in their natural habitat, so an embargo was placed on collection of wild snails. In Nigeria and most West African countries except for Cote D’voire where embargo has also been placed on collection of young snails from wild, 99% of Giant African Land. Snails in our market are picked from the forest by women and children. The picking method has limited the abundant supply of snails to rainy season (April – October), because of this. Snail is usually scarce and expensive during the dry season, making the supply of snails to be seasonal. The most viable solution to the seasonal and declining supply of edible land snails is to encourage the rearing of snails in Nigeria as it is being done Ghana and other parts of Europe. It is important to encourage Snail Farming in Nigeria because:

1. Snail Farming is cheap and easy to start and can become a major source of income to Nigerians.

2. The results of research work done in Ghana and Nigeria over the years have shown that it is possible to rear edible lands snails as a profitable venture

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